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Why were the sacrifices from the herds and flocks instead of from the wild animals?

First – They are at hand and do not need to be pursued. Salvation is not something that needs to be attained or pursued, as if it was a work.

Second – They are dehorned. Horns in typology denote power, and yet they stand subdued before God.

Third – They are peaceable in nature, and therefore, beautifully portray the Perfect Sacrifice.

Why did they flay the animal?

They did this to show the animal was uncovered and totally exposed, as sin is exposed before a Holy God. If it was found diseased or with spot, it was rejected. Nothing but a Perfect Sacrifice for sin will do.

Why was the sacrifice cut to pieces?

This was to show what the sinner justly deserved. The one making the sacrifice would be impressed with the terrible guilt of his sins, and the just penalty he deserved. The lamb took his place. When Jewish Christians called to memory this rite, one can imagine their agony in thinking of Christ on the cross, exposed, naked, bruised and broken for them. (Though His bones were not broken.)

Why was the meal offering allowed to be offered in an oven, or on a flat plate, or frying pan?

This is because not all men had the same wealth. God excluded no one from being able to offer it, but neither did He excuse anyone. Just as the poor could bring a dove, if a goat could not be afforded; so a frying pan could be used by the poor instead of an oven. All were accepted as a “sweet savor” to the Lord.

What is the drink offering?

The drink offering was poured out in thanksgiving with the meal offering. It was done to denote the joy the offerer felt at God’s acceptance of him at the altar. This is the significance of the passage where wine is said to cheer the heart of God and man Judges 9:13). God is cheered when He sees a worshipper pouring out his wine for joy at his salvation.

Why did the peace offering become food?

For it says. “It is the food of the offering made by fire unto the Lord.” (Leviticus 3:11). We were sinners, but because we have peace with God through the sacrifice of Christ, we are entertained as guests at His table.

Why was blood sprinkled before the veil or on the veil of the Sanctuary?

It was to demonstrate that blood must be shed before the veil could be opened. Some think it was sprinkled on the veil to demonstrate that the veil would be opened by means of blood so that the mercy seat of God could be approached.

Why was the blood applied to the horns of the altar of incense? (Leviticus 4:7)

This was to demonstrate that there is no power to make intercession before God except by the blood of an innocent victim.

Why was the bullock burned after the sin was forgiven? (Leviticus 4:11-l2)

Every last bit of the sacrifice, even its dung, was taken out and separated from God and His people. Since the beast bore the sins of the worshipper, it could not be in the presence of a Holy God. Thus God showed what would happen to sinners, if it had not been for the blood on the altar. Separation and destruction would be ours, too. if it had not been for the blood of Christ at Calvary.

What is meant by the voice of swearing in Leviticus 5:1?

It is when the judge of a court demands the accused or a witness to tell all they know. He would say, “I adjure you to tell of such and such (See Judges 17:2). The curse of the law was on those who refused to answer what they knew to be the truth. This is why the high priest asked Jesus, “I adjure Thee by the Living God, that Thou tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.” Jesus did not remain dumb, but spoke, for it was forbidden by law for Him to remain silent. He replied, “You said it.”

Why does God demand the sinner to confess the sins of which he was unaware of through ignorance (For example a rash vow)?

It secures the honor of God and shows that the sinner recognizes that ignorance is not a valid criteria to appeal to in the day of judgment. It is interesting to note, the words “confess” and “praise” are similar words.

Why did God require two turtledoves, if it represents Christ? (Leviticus 5)

The emphasis is not on the quantity, the emphasis is on what the offering did for the worshipper. The other animals offered by the richer sinner would be sufficient for both the priest and the worshipper to eat. The poor who could only offer doves were not forgotten by God. Since they too were forgiven, God allowed two to be offered so the altar would provide for the poor and the priest. There was fellowship at God’s table for them as well.

Why was a man allowed a bloodless offering in the case of complete poverty? (Leviticus 5)

This is not the burnt offering for their blood must be shed. There is no remission of sins without the shedding of blood. However, this was offered up for a sin of ignorance. It was a tenth part of an ephah or exactly one day’s manna or food supply.

He must therefore fast that day. It was offered without oil or frankincense. It was not a sweet savor to God. There is no consecration to God that made Him glad. There is no communion with God at His table. The priest ate of it only to show the offerer’s forgiveness. The offerer did not. This day had to be spent in afflicting his soul by fasting. He would wish for the day of atonement, when the substitute grain would be fulfilled by a Perfect Blood Sacrifice so there would be communion and fellowship with God.

Is Leviticus 5:15-l6 saying that if a man did not fulfill his vows to God, he must pay 1/5 more?

Yes. consider Ecclesiastes 5:6 as an example: “Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin; neither say thou before the angel, that it was an error: wherefore should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy the work of thine hands?” Some examples may be:

Lying to the priest on how much he vowed. (See I Samuel 2:13)
If he ate of the first fruits. (Exodus 34:26)
If he had shorn the firstborn lamb (Deuteronomy 1~:19)

These all required penalties for disobeying God, and for taking what was God’s. He must therefore suffer for his presumption. He must restore the principal, and pay 20% interest. Leviticus 5:17 does not even allow for ignorance. The penalty must be paid. To not be conscious of what the Creator expects is in and of itself a sin worthy of such punishment. Knowing our duty to God is our first duty to God.

Why did the burnt offering need to burn all night? (Leviticus 6:8)

To picture the restlessness of the wicked and the utter destruction of Hell when the fire dieth not out. Note verses 12 and 13 of this same chapter; it could not be quenched. It also would speak peace to the righteous to know that there was a substitute for his sin on the altar, suffering for him. By showing the Jew his just deserving, yet allowing a substitute in his place, the Jew could look with hope for that Perfect Sacrifice that would bear away his sins forever.