In 1860, the fastest way to send a message was by the newly developed Pony Express. This innovative enterprise was created by the Russell-Majors-Waddel Company. Young men seeking adventure were hired to ride 8 hours and 80 miles per day on horseback. The 1,946 miles between St. Joseph, MO and Sacramento, CA were linked together by 190 stations, so that mail could be delivered in 10 days rather than 25. These men rode 6 days a week at that time for a very big salary of $125 a month. Each man was outfitted identically with a bright red shirt and blue trousers.
But what was interesting was to note that their gear included an ultra light saddle, a colt revolver, a lightweight Winchester, and a Bible. Now interestingly enough, although every piece of mail was required to be written on thin paper so as to reduce the weight, a Bible was still included in every man’s saddleback.