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They lived, legend said, more than 4,000 years ago, mining ore and worshipping a god that lived in their fabled capital, Urkesh. Modern history remembered their contemporaries – the Sumerians and the Semites – but it all but forgot the Hurrians and their rich city. In fact, many historians doubted that the Hurrians or Urkesh ever existed because only scant evidence had been found: a mention in the Old Testament, scattered references in ancient literature and two unearthed bronze lions with the inscription Urkesh. Last week, those doubts faded. After eight years of excavation, a team of archaeologists headed by UCLA’s Giorgio Buccellati reported locating Urkesh beneath the modern town of Tell Mozan in northeastern Syria. The diggers found clay pottery, metal tools, and detailed drawings and seal imprints from the ancient civilization. Among the most striking: the signature seals of Urkesh’s king and queen. The discovery, Buccellati says, will help give Urkesh and the overlooked Hurrians their proper place in history. “The footnote will become a chapter.”