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1582, the Catholic church finally gave up fighting the translation of the Bible into tongues other than Latin and produced their own version translated directly from the Latin text Protestants claimed had been corrupted over time, the Douay Old Testament and the Rheims New Testament. Bibles translated today are based on these two philosophies, with Protestant Bibles translated from the original texts and Catholic Bibles being translations of the original Latin Vulgate used to produce the Douay/Rheims version. In 1611, Protestants came out with one final English translation, the King James Bible that is still in use today.

Protestants rely on a doctrine known as “Sola Scriptura,” approximately defined as “sole writings,” stating that “Scripture alone is authoritative for the faith and practice of the Christian.”