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If any bishop loses the judgment in some case [decided by his fellow bishops] and still believes that he has not a bad but a good case, in order that the case may be judged anew… let us honor the memory of the apostle Peter by having those who have given the judgment write to Julius, Bishop of Rome, so that if it seems proper he may himself send arbiters and the judgment may be made again by the bishops of a neighboring province” (canon 3 [A.D. 342]).

If some bishop is deposed by the judgment of the bishops sitting in the neighborhood, and if he declares that he will seek further redress, another should not be appointed to his, see until the bishop of Rome can be acquainted with the case and render a judgment” (canon 4).